Industrial Revolution Changes


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American Studies Chapter Twelve Group Assignment

Pre-Industrial Society


Commercial and Industrial Revolution


Religion From Morey
  • Puritanism
  • Order and Intelligence
  • Reverend commands through sermons and high position
  • Salvation through attending Church
  • Main Belief: Original Sin
Religion From Morey
  • Evangelicalism
  • Personal Faith (you)
  • Democratic way of believing
  • Salvation through conversion and repentance
  • Main Belief: Morally Respectable Behavior
Family From Plaz
  • Lived and worked together
  • Strong patriarchal control
  • Followed the ways of their ancestors
Family From Plaz
  • Lived and worked together
  • Weaker patriarchal control
  • More of an original lifestyle with less ancestral influence
Work-Life From Plaz
  • Sun-up to Sun-down in fields
  • Worked extra at home
  • Work and home combined
  • Apprenticeship with skilled artisans
  • Work pace varied with orders
Work-Life From Plaz
  • Sun up to sun down (same long days)
  • Strict bell schedule
  • Work and life seperate
  • Free labor ideas
  • Much more worker mobility
  • high turnover
Social Order From Paul
  • Strict social hierarchy
  • Elite>Professionals>Artisans>Farmers>Paupers>Slaves
Social Order From Paul
  • Wealthy artisans upset social order
  • Dynamic classes (upper, middle, lower)
  • Emergence of the middle class (white collar workers)
Economy From Plaz
  • Barter with nearby community
  • Made many goods yourself
  • Local-based
Economy From Plaz
  • Cash based economy
  • Bought stuff from stores
  • International
Women’s Role From Amanda
  • Directly controlled by husbands
  • No Legal Rights/voice
  • Boys learned from Dad and girls learned from Mom
Women’s Role From Amanda
  • More independent and more of a partner in relationship
  • Read decorating magazines and had mother's clubs
  • Emerging voice through strikes and 10hr day demands
  • Independent in Factories
  • Had fewer children through abstinence
  • Mothers raised both genders - provided moral upbringing.
  • The silent support system to male success
Men’s Role From Elita
  • Unquestioned authority over the family
  • Had all the legal power
  • Head of the family
Men’s Role From Elita
  • Concentrated on careers
  • Less involved with the family
  • Spent most of their time at work
  • Had a strong role in major decisions concerning children
  • Men were expected to be steady, industrious, responsible, and painstakingly attentive to their business
Leisure From Amanda
  • The concept that leisure, work, and daily routines are all intermixed and not separate
  • A flexible schedule
  • Still long work days
Leisure From Dan
  • Working men were given Sundays as leisure time
  • Many men spent their leisure time at local taverns
  • Common leisure activities included horse racing, boxing, baseball, and plays
  • Popular entertainments included plays, operas, minstrel shows, concerts, and circuses
  • Although some forms of entertainment were appealing to all classes, rowdy events and tavern games were favored by the working class
  • Despite Sunday leisure time, working men were absent from 15% of working hours