- 753 BCE: Official date for the founding of Rome by Romulus and Remus
- 509 BCE: The last Etruscan king is expelled and Rome becomes an independent Republic (official date given for the beginning of the Republic)
- 450 BCE: The Twelve Tables- the first list of laws was published.
- 264-241 BCE: The first Punic War between Rome and Carthage- Rome defeats Carthage in Sicily.
- 218-201 BCE: The second Punic War between Rome and Carthage- After Hannibal (fighting for Carthage) crosses the Alps, the Romans attack the Carthaginians in Spain and defeat Hannibal.
- 149-146 BCE: The Third Punic War between Rome and Carthage. Carthage is destroyed and then becomes a Roman territory.
- 146 BCE: Much of the Mediterranean, including Greece, comes under Roman Control.
- 49 BCE: Caesar seizes power in Rome and brings a period of political stability during which he is made dictator for life.
- 44 BCE: Caesar’s murder by the senators, hoping to restore the Republic, brings about the end of it.
- 27 BCE: Octavian becomes the first Roman Emperor and is called “Augustus.” Augustus dies in 14 CE.
- 14-37 CE: Tiberius is Emperor
- 37-41 CE: Caligula is Emperor and is known for being cruel and insane- tries to have his horse elected to consul.
- 41-54 CE: Claudius is Emperor
- 54-68 CE: Nero is Emperor- He is the last of Augustus’s dynasty and was rumored to have set fire to Rome.
- 69 CE: The year of Four Emperors
- 312-337 C.E: Constantine comes to power and makes Constantinople an imperial capitol city.
- 455 CE: The Vandals destroy Rome and poverty, famine, and chaos followed.
- 476 CE: The official date for the end of the Roman Empire