New Hall Museum Living History Project


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American Studies Project to visit a historic site and do a poster/PowerPoint on it. Morey, Jordan, and I went to the New Hall Military Museum in Independence National Historic Park in Philadelphia. It's small, but generally unappreciated along with the other parts on the bottom of the park's "L" shape.



New Hall Military Museum is part of Independence National Historic Park in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It's a federal park and paid for by American's tax dollars. It is in part of Independence National Historic Park which most people don't visit. They see the Liberty Bell and Independence Hall, but not the rest. Most people don't even know it exists. It was build in 1790 as part of the Carpenter’s company. In 1791 and 1792, the building was the headquarters of the war department, which had only 6 people in it. The building itself was built in 1959 to house the museum. It became a military museum because its history as the War Department’s headquarters. The Marines have a large floor to themselves because they donated money to build it. The museum houses various artifacts from the revolution, such as drums, ropes, and cannonballs. It tells the story of the various armed forces during, and shortly after, the American Revolution.



PowerPnt 2003.pngA PowerPoint slideshow of this work is available here: Image:New Hall Military Museum.ppt


African Americans

  • 5,000 Africans in the war
  • We needed soldiers; but after the war, they didn’t fight again until the civil war.
  • Rhode Island Regiment was often called the Black Regiment

Payscale (Monthly)

  • Captain $26.50
  • Lieutenant $18
  • Sergeant $8
  • Corporal $7 1/3
  • Fifer $7 1/3
  • Drummer $7 1/3

Private $ 6 2/3

Rations (1776)

  • 1 lb Bread
  • 1 lb Pork
  • 1/2 lbs Peas
  • 4oz Cheese
  • 1/2 pt Rum
  • plus, discretionary allowance on extra duty and in times of engagement


  • Rattlesnake
  • 2 thousand ships
  • shared booty with the men
  • mixed blessing
    • took away from regular navy
    • but were able to capture lots of British

Maritime Events


  • November 10- Congress plans raise of two battalions of Marines
  • November 28- Samuel Nicholas named captain of Marines
  • population- 2,600,300


  • January 3- Marines(4 companies) led by Nicholas participate in victory at Princeton under command of General Washington
  • October 2- Marines from Continental frigate "Andrew Doria" assist on evacuation of Fort Billingsport


  • April 22- Marines from the Continental sloop Ranger land at Whitehaven and burn ships in the harbor
  • April 23- Marines from the Continental sloop Ranger land at St. Mary’s Island in an attempt to capture the Earl of Selkirk, proving the weakness of the British coastline


  • July 28- Continental frigate Warren is burned by a British raiding party at Penobscot River


  • June 1- Continental frigate Trumbull defeats the British privateer Watt
  • September 21- Benedict Arnold's plan to surrender West Point uncovered


  • May 29- Continental frigate Alliance engages two British sloops Atalanta and Jrepassy, capturing both

The Continental Army


  • "The Battle Line"
  • Officer stands at the left of the formation
  • Commanding sergeant stands at the rear of the formation
  • A platoon consists of two ranks of soldiers
  • Four platoons equal one regiment
  • Regiments are deployed as the main force of the army


  • Purpose: Scouting force
  • Armed with pistols
  • A detachment normally consisted of 10 dragoons
  • Purpose: Heavy Cavalry used to break the enemy line
  • Armed with sabers (combat swords)


  • Purpose: Used to disrupt and weaken the enemy line
  • The gun crew consisted of 7 men along with others to assist in physical labor
  • The gun crew sergeant (commanding officer) needed to estimate timing, distance, and precision of the bombardment